Dry Eye Treatment with Your Okmulgee or South Tulsa Optometrist
Dry eye, also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca, which is dryness of the conjunctiva- the membrane lining your eyelids that covers the white of your eye and the cornea. Dry eye is a common condition that occurs when the tears you produce are not able to adequately provide lubrication for your eyes. There are a number of reasons why an inadequate amount of tears may be produced. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is uncomfortable, but there are treatments available from your optometrist in Bixby, South Tulsa, and Okmulgee.
Causes of Dry Eye
Your tears are a combination of fatty oils, water, and mucus. The combination of this mixture helps to make the surface of eyes clear and smooth and it helps to protect your eyes from an infection. For some people, a decrease in tear production is the cause of dry eyes, but for some, it is an increase in the evaporation of tears and an imbalance in the makeup of tears. When you are unable to produce enough tears, it is known as the condition keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Common causes for a decrease in tear production may include:
- Certain medical conditions, such as lupus, diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis
- Certain medications, such as decongestant, birth control and medications for Parkinson’s disease
- Optometry procedures, such as laser eye surgery
- Damage to the tear gland
Common causes of an increase in tear evaporation may include:
- Blinking less often
- Dry air, smoke or wind
- Eyelid problems, such as eyelids that in-turn or out-turn
Symptoms of Dry Eyes
The symptoms of dry eye generally affect both eyes and may include:
- Sensitivity to light
- Difficulty with night vision
- Blurred vision
- Eye fatigue
- Watery eyes (the body’s natural response to dry, irritated eyes)
- Stinging, scratching or burning sensation in the eyes
- Mucus in or around the eyes
Diagnosis and Treatment of Dry Eyes
In order to diagnosis dry eyes, your optometrist in Bixby, Okmulgee or South Tulsa will do various tests and procedures, including a comprehensive eye exam. Your eye doctor will also test a test to measure the volume of your tears as well as tests to determine the quality of your tears. For most people with mild symptoms of dry eyes, your eye doctor may recommend regular use of over-the-counter eye drops. However, if your symptoms are more serious and persistent, treatments may include prescription medications to lubricate the eyes, medications to reduce inflammation of the eyelids, eye drops to control cornea inflammation and/or optometry procedures, such as using light therapy or closing the tear ducts to reduce tear loss.
Schedule an Appointment with Your South Tulsa or Okmulgee Optometrist
If you have had persistent symptoms of dry eyes, including painful, irritated or red eyes, you should schedule an appointment with your optometrist as soon as possible. Your eye doctor will be able to do a comprehensive eye exam to determine what is causing the irritation to your eyes.
Contact The Eye Center today to schedule your comprehensive eye exam.