Presbyopia is a condition that occurs when your eye lens loses flexibility, making it difficult to focus on close-up objects. This condition often occurs in your 40s, and it continues to worsen as you age. At The Eye Center, we provide treatment options for presbyopia to help you see better. We serve Okmulgee, South Tulsa, and Bixby, OK.
What Causes Presbyopia?
As you age, your eye's lens can start to harden. When this happens, it becomes less flexible and can no longer change shape, which is necessary to focus on close-up objects. When this happens, these objects will appear out of focus.
Who Is at Risk for Presbyopia?
Although anyone can develop presbyopia, there are certain factors that can increase your risk of developing this condition.
- Age: Age is the greatest risk factor for presbyopia. Most people develop some degree of presbyopia after the age of 40. For some, vision loss is minimal. For others, the condition is more severe.
- Being farsighted: If you are already farsighted, also known as hyperopia, it puts you at higher risk of developing presbyopia.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions can increase your risk of developing presbyopia, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and multiple sclerosis. People with these conditions are at risk of developing presbyopia before they turn 40.
- Medications: Certain medications can cause you to develop presbyopia before turning 40. These include antihistamines, antidepressants, and diuretics.
What Are the Symptoms of Presbyopia?
The symptoms of presbyopia occur gradually and often develop around the age of 40. The symptoms include:
- Blurry vision when reading at a normal reading distance.
- Needing to hold reading material further away to see the letters clearly.
- Eyestrain or headaches after reading or doing closeup work.
How Is Presbyopia Diagnosed?
Presbyopia can be diagnosed during a routine eye exam. Our eye doctor will perform a refraction, which is designed to determine if you are nearsighted, farsighted, have astigmatism, or presbyopia.
How Is Presbyopia Treated?
There are a few treatment options for presbyopia. Eyeglasses are the most common treatment option. There are a few different types of eyeglasses, including:
- Prescription reading glasses: These are prescribed if you have no other vision issues and just need correction for reading.
- Bifocals: Bifocals have two prescriptions and are prescribed if you are also nearsighted.
- Trifocals: These lenses have three prescriptions, one for close-up, one for middle vision, and one for distance.
Contact lenses can also treat presbyopia, and there are a couple of options.
- Bifocal contacts: Bifocal contacts contain two prescriptions, one for distance and one for closeup.
- Monovision: Monovision contacts are prescribed if you cannot get used to bifocal contacts. Our optometrist will prescribe a lens for distance vision in the dominant eye and a lens for closeup in the other eye.
Other treatment options include refractive surgery, which can treat presbyopia permanently. There are a few types of refractive surgery available.
- LASIK: LASIK is a laser surgical procedure that gently reshapes the cornea, correcting your vision. During the procedure, the surgeon creates a flap in the cornea and uses a laser to remove the inner layers of the cornea to steepen the dome shape.
- PRK: Photorefractive keratectomy surgery includes removing the top layers of the cornea and using a laser to reshape it.
Our optometrist provides pre- and post-operative care for these procedures.
Schedule an Appointment with Our Optometrist for Presbyopia Treatment
If you are experiencing symptoms of presbyopia, we can help. At The Eye Center, serving Okmulgee, South Tulsa, and Bixby, OK, our eye doctor will perform an eye exam to diagnose presbyopia. We can then determine what treatment method is best for you. To learn more or to schedule an appointment, call us today.